The military officials said Thursday that the security forces conducted the airstrike in the restive Bala Murghab district.
The Taliban group has not commented regarding the airstrike so far.
Badghis is among the relatively volatile provinces in North-western parts of Afghanistan.
Taliban militants are active in some districts of the province and often conduct terrorist related activities.
Meanwhile, the Afghan forces routinely conduct counter-terrorism operations against the anti-government armed groups in this province.
The U.S. forces also conduct regular airstrikes in restive parts of the country to suppress Taliban and other anti-government militants.