According to several sources including that of UNAMA, the 2017 was the deadliest year for Afghan people since the US-led invasion in 2001 that during which many Afghan lives were lost during ground clashes and many bombings and Taliban claimed more territories according to a BBC study.
OF the many bombings that happened the last year, Global Voices decided to look at just five of the deadliest attacks to strike the Afghan capital.
- Ambulance bombing strikes heart of the city
The New Year has brought little cheer to Kabul, a city of more than 3 million. On January 27, an ambulance bomb blew up in a crowded location in the city Centre, killing at least 103 people, and leaving 235 others wounded.
The Taliban group claimed responsibility for the assault on civilians. It is not known how the group commandeered the explosives-packed ambulance.
The bombing was the second major attack targeting civilians in the city since the new year.
Some Kabul residents have resorted to keeping a short note on their person with essential information in order to help identify their body in the event of a blast.
An attack, they reason, could happen anytime, anywhere.
- Luxury hotel attack claims foreign and local lives
On January 20, gunmen broke through the security barriers of the luxury Intercontinental Hotel and sprayed bullets at guests and staff.
Survivor accounts testify that attackers went through as many rooms in the building as possible to maximize the kill count.
The fact that 15 of the victims were foreign guests guaranteed intensified coverage from Western media.
In total the Taliban-claimed assault killed at least 40 people.
The firefight between the gunmen and security forces lasted half a day and shocked Kabulis living in and near one of the city’s most prestigious neighborhoods.
Among the foreigners killed were employees of airline Kam Air, Afghanistan’s most important domestic airline.
The airline mourned its employees during a ceremony at Hamid Karzai International Airport.
- Suicide bombings target Shia mosques in Kabul
In October 2017, a suicide bomber blew himself up close to a Shia mosque in the western part of Kabul. The suicide bombing killed 56 people and hurt 55 others.
That was less than two months after a group of gunmen claimed at least 30 lives during a raid on a Shia mosque in the northern part of the capital and wounded 80 others.
Although it is not known to what extent ISIS organized the attacks, it claimed responsibility for both assaults. The radical group is famous for its hatred of Shia Muslims.
Ethnic Hazara, who are overwhelmingly Shia, are a group that are particularly vulnerable to attacks due to the deeply sectarian beliefs of the ISIS.
In the most brutal attack of 2016, two suicide bombers ripped through crowds during a peaceful Hazara rally for greater political voice in July 2016. The attack claimed the lives of 85 protestors and injured about 300 others.
ISIS claimed that atrocity, too.
- Truck bomb blast in the diplomatic quarter
On May 31, 2017, a truck packed with explosives killed 150 people and wounded about 400. It was the most deadly single attack in Afghanistan since US-led forces toppled the Taliban in 2001.
The attack occurred on a traffic-packed street during the morning rush hour. In the “Green Zone” where the U.S. embassy, the local office of NATO and the Presidential palace are all located.
No group claimed responsibly for the attack. But the Afghan government blamed the Haqqani Network, a Taliban faction that mainly operates from out of Pakistan.
- Armed raid on military hospital
On March 8, 2017, gunmen dressed as medics stormed the Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan militarily hospital, claiming 49 lives and wounding scores.
The Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan militarily hospital that mainly treats wounded members of the armed forces is the best equipped hospital in the city.
First, a suicide bomber self-detonated at the gate of the hospital. Then, three armed men combed the 400-bed complex shooting nurses, doctors and patients. The ensuing firefight between the assailants and Afghan Special Forces lasted several hours.
These were only five excerpted major attacks in the last year in capital Kabul and has not included several other deadly attacks including gunmen attacks on an army unit that killed and wounded more than 10 people, consecutive bombings in a local media (AVA) that killed more than 90 people and an attack on an aid organization.